RESCUE Project

As of the time 14:46, March 11, 2011, Tohoku, Japan was hit by a massive earthquake. The epicentre of the earthquake was located to be undersea off the coast of Japan, and the magnitude-level was 9.0. The first earthquake also triggered a series of subsequent big earthquakes. Altogether, these earthquakes caused huge trembling on the Japanese mainland, reaching magnitude-level 7 at Kurihara City in the Miyagi prefecture, and Level 6 across many places in Tohoku. Following these huge earthquakes, those areas facing to the Pacific Ocean over the entire Tohoku area and also a northern part of Kanto areas were hit by unpredictably huge Tsunami waves of up to 40 m height. While travelling up 10 km inland, these waves caused thousands of deaths and severe damage of private and public infrastructure.
The tsunami that caused this great damage in Japan and other places in Asia is one example of numerous significant catastrophes experienced in recent years notably Hurricane Katrina, or the 9/11 terrorist attacks.
One aspect that got into focus due to these and other emergencies is the great importance of comprehensive and effective emergency management which is the combination of four interlinked phases/responsibilities as depicted in Figure 2. In all these phases, communication is a major requirement for effective coordination of response operations in order to retain and maintain public safety.

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